I began my research career in 1982 working on breast cancer. Since that time, I have been involved in other aspects of research including, identification and characterization of brain specific proteins, immuno-toxicology, fluorescence technology development, Alzheimer and HIV research. I have worked for the University of Pittsburgh, University of Pennsylvania, and Carnegie-Mellon University. I have had a rewarding opportunity to spend several weeks working at the Institute of Gustave-Roussy in Villejuif, France learning techniques in long term human bone marrow culturing. My work has resulted in the publication of numerous scientific articles and one patent application where I am named co-inventor. Each of my endeavors has given me the foundation which aided me in formulating the hypothesis of utilizing eATP in the treatment of HIV and other diseases.